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  • Writer's pictureMarielle Avila

How to Budget: A General Guide into Building a Budget that Works!

Managing finances can be quite challenging, especially if you don’t have a budget in place. Budgeting is a crucial aspect of personal finance management, and it can help you prioritize your spending, achieve your financial goals, and avoid debt. However, building a budget from scratch can be intimidating, and often, we might not know where to start. This blog post will provide you with a general guide on how to budget effectively and make your finances work for you.

Determine your income: Before building a budget, you need to know how much money is coming in. Start by calculating your net income, which is your total income after deductions such as taxes and retirement contributions have been taken out. If you have a variable income, such as a freelancer or contractor, you can use an average of your income for the last three months as your net income. Knowing your income will help you understand how much money you have available to allocate towards expenses.

Identify your expenses: Once you have an understanding of your income, the next step is to identify your expenses. Your expenses can be categorized into two main categories- fixed and variable expenses. Fixed expenses are recurring expenses that remain the same from month to month, such as rent, car payments, or utilities. Variable expenses, on the other hand, are those that change from month to month, such as groceries and fuel. Make a list of all your expenses, and try to estimate the amount you spend on each of them.

Prioritize your spending: After identifying your expenses, you need to prioritize what to spend your money on. Start by categorizing your expenses according to their importance. For instance, you need to prioritize your basic needs such as food, housing, utilities, transportation, and health care. Non-essential expenses such as entertainment and travel can then be budgeted for after your basic needs are met.

Set financial goals: Having financial goals can help you stay motivated and focused on building a budget that works. Start by setting both short-term and long-term financial goals, such as paying off debts, building an emergency fund, saving for a down payment on a house, or planning for retirement. Ensure that your goals are realistic and achievable, and then allocate money each month towards achieving them.

Regularly review and adjust your budget: Budgeting is not a one-time event. It's a continuous process that requires regular review and adjustment. Review your budget from time to time, and adjust as necessary to reflect changes in your income or expenses. Use budgeting apps or spreadsheets to track your progress and make adjustments where necessary.

Building a budget does not have to be a daunting task. With this general guide, you can take control of your finances and put yourself on the path to financial freedom. Remember that budgeting is a continual process that requires discipline and consistency. The benefits of successful budgeting can be life-changing, and can lead to a stress-free financial future. Start budgeting today, and reap the benefits of a financially secure future!

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